Political Discourse Analysis
This course involves a detailed presentation and discussion of the conditions of emergence, the epistemological and conceptual presuppositions, and the methodological innovations associated with the application of discourse analysis in the study of political phenomena. The evaluation of the method’s relevance for political science will be attempted through the analysis of a series of empirical examples and case studies. The course is organized around three separate axes: 1. From ‘ideology’ to ‘political discourse’. After a brief presentation of the modern project of the ‘critique of ideology’, special attention will be given to the difficulties it faces today and to the way constructionist argumentation attempts to resolve them by concentrating on the centrality of the concept of discourse. 2. The epistemological and conceptual framework of a theory of political discourse. In this part of the course we will study the major traditions on which discourse theory and discourse analysis draw in reorienting political study. In particular, we discuss the work of Aristotle (dialectics and rhetoric), Saussure and structuralist linguistics, Barthes and semiological analysis, Foucault’s contribution, Lacan and the psychoanalytic conception of discourse. 3. Methods and strategies of empirical research. Using as a point of reference the work of Laclau and Mouffe, what is attempted here is a survey of a variety of methodologies and techniques of political discourse analysis as developed in the tradition of the ‘Essex School’. Special emphasis is given to the analysis of a variety of empirical examples: the political discourse of the New Social Movements, populist discourse, nationalist discourse and ‘European identity’, the discourse of advertising and its political implications, etc.
- Acquisition of knowledge on discourse analysis (theoretical traditions, conceptual toolkit) allowing the scientific mapping and understanding of the production of public discourse. - Familiarity with methods of qualitative research in the analysis of political discourse. - Collection and evaluation of evidence and research resources aiming at the interpretation of political action and the scientific questioning of political identities. - Processing and synthesis of information from a variety of sources (conventional and electronic) in order to develop organised and persuasive oral and written arguments. - Design and implementation of research and professional projects with a feeling of social responsibility. - Development of critical ethos supporting decision-making processes in a democratic public sphere.
Βιβλιογραφία μαθήματος (Εύδοξος)
Howarth, David, H έννοια του λόγου, Aθήνα: Πολύτροπον, 2008.
Jorgensen, Marianne και Philips, Louise, Aνάλυση λόγου: Θεωρία και μέθοδος, Aθήνα: Παπαζήσης, 2009.
Επιπρόσθετη βιβλιογραφία για μελέτη
Αριστοτέλης, Ρητορική, 2 τόμοι, Θεσσαλονίκη: Ζήτρος, 2002.
Barthes, Roland, Μυθολογίες, Αθήνα: Ράππας, 1979.
Berger, Peter, και Luckman, Thomas, Η κοινωνική κατασκευή της πραγματικότητας, Αθήνα: νήσος, 2003.
Δοξιάδης, Κύρκος, Ανάλυση λόγου: κοινωνικο-φιλοσοφική θεμελίωση, Αθήνα: Πλέθρον, 2008.
Laclau, Ernesto, Για την επανάσταση της εποχής μας, Αθήνα: νήσος, 1997.
Howarth, David, Norval, Aletta, και Stavrakakis, Yannis (επιμ.) Discourse Theory and Political Analysis, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000.
Howarth, David και Torfing, Jacob (επιμ.) Discourse Theory in European Politics, Λονδίνο: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
Σεβαστάκης, Νικόλας & Σταυρακάκης, Γιάννης, Λαϊκισμός, αντιλαϊκισμός και κρίση, Αθήνα: Νεφέλη, 2012.