Philosophies of Freedom

Faculty Instructor: 
Cycle / Level: 
Compulsory / Optional: 
Teaching Period: 
Course Content: 

The course explores different accounts of freedom in the philosophy of Marx, in classical and modern liberalism (I.Kant, J.St. Mill, I.Berlin), in modern critical thought (C. Castoriadis, M. Foucault) and in the contemporary theory of social movements (M. Hardt, A. Negri, R. Day, S. Newman). It identifies three key different approaches. The first one assumes the existence of a fixed human nature and objective, universal truths in science, ethics, politics and history. Its understanding of freedom is grounded in these truths. The second foregrounds the negative liberty of individuals to act as they will unimpeded by external obstacles, and the third construes freedom as the power to question established truths and to create society and the self in an active, reflective manner. The course will examine the various epistemological, social and other assumptions of these interpretations of freedom and it will discuss their political implications for the contemporary thought and practice of freedom. General Competences Adapt to new situations Make decisions Work autonomously Generate new research ideas Appreciate diversity and multiculturality Respect natural environment Demonstrate social, professional and ethical commitment and sensitivity to gender issues Be critical and self-critical Advance free, creative and causative thinking

Learning Outcomes: 

Comprehension and critical assessemtn of key approaches to the concept of freedom in modern philosophy. Development of analytical and critical, argumentative skills in relevant topics.


Βιβλιογραφία μαθήματος (Εύδοξος)
1. Αϊζάια Μπερλίν, Τέσσερα δοκίμια περί ελευθερίας, Scripta, 2001.
2. Κ. Καστοριάδης, Ανθρωπολογία, πολιτική, φιλοσοφία, Ύψιλον, 1993

Επιπρόσθετη βιβλιογραφία για μελέτη
1. Κ. Μαρξ, Φ. Ένγκελς, Η Γερμανική Ιδεολογία, Gutenberg, 1989
2. K. Mαρξ, Φ. Ένγκελς, Το μανιφέστο του κομμουνιστικού κόμματος, Θεμέλιο, 1999
3. Ι. Καντ, Κριτική του πρακτικού λόγου, Εστία, 2009
4. Ι. Καντ, Τα θεμέλια της μεταφυσικής των ηθών, Δωδώνη, 1984
5. Τζ. Στ. Μιλλ, Περί ελευθερίας, Επίκουρος, 1983
6. K. Kαστοριάδης, Η φαντασιακή θέσμιση της κοινωνίας, Ράππας, 1985
7. Μ. Φουκώ, Τι είναι διαφωτισμός; Έρασμος, 1988
8. Μ. Χαρντ, Α. Νέγκρι, Πλήθος, Αλεξάνδρεια, 2011
9. R. Day, Το τέλος της ηγεμονίας, Ελευθεριακή Κουλτούρα, 2008