Contemporary Greek Political History ( 1910 - 1974 )

Faculty Instructor: 
Cycle / Level: 
Compulsory / Optional: 
Teaching Period: 
Course Content: 

The course examines the political history of 20th-century Greece focusing on the following thematic areas:

1. The modernization of the Greek state and the last phase of National Unification, 1909-1922:
- The military coup of 1909, the social and political reforms of Venizelos government 1911-1914.
- The Balkan Wars, Greece in the First World War, the territorial extension, the crisis of national unification, the “National Schism” between Venizelists and Anti-Venizelists, the Greek
- Ottoman War and the “Asia Minor disaster”.

2. The inter-war period and the “new” society, 1922-1940:
- The reconstruction of the State, the Treaty of Lausanne (1923), the New Lands and the Asia Minor refugees; national integration and social differentiation, the industrialisation and the Land reform.
- The Second Hellenic Republic, the crisis of the parliamentary system, Venizelism and Anti-Venizelism (Royalists and Republicans), the army interventions and the restoration of Monarchy. The Metaxas dictatorship.

3. Greece in the Second World Nar and the Greek Civil War, 1940-1949:
- Italian attack and the German invasion in Greece 1940-1941.
- The occupation of Greece by the Axis Powers.
- The Resistance phenomenon: the organization of mass resistance.
- Social rupture and political inversion: from the Liberation to the Civil War, the December fighting (1944), the Varkiza Agreement (1945).

4. From the end of the Civil War to the military dictatorship, 1949-1974:
- The political system and the political forces: The “controlled/incomplete democracy”, the parties system, the Parliament, the army, the Crown and the foreigner factor.
- The postwar society and economy: the economic reconstruction, rural depopulation and immigration, the unequal postwar prosperity.
- Dictatorship (the military junta), 1967-1974.

Learning Outcomes: 

After completing this course, students are expected to be able:
- To describe the major social and political developments that shaped the history of Modern Greece during the 20th century
- To examine and analyze individual and collective action in its historical context
- To produce arguments explaining such events and developments, their causes, effects and long-term repercussions.
- To identify the most significant continuities and discontinuities in the history of Modern Greece during the 20th century
- To identify and discuss the various approaches to analyzing and understanding the past


Course Bibliography (Eudoxus)
Clogg Richard, Συνοπτική Ιστορία της Ελλάδας (1770-2000), εκδ. Κάτοπτρο, Αθήνα 2003.
Χρήστος Χατζηιωσήφ (επιμ), Όψεις οικονομικής και πολιτικής ιστορίας 1900-1940, Βιβλιόραμα, Αθήνα 2009
Additional bibliography for study
Κώστας Κωστής, "Τα κακομαθημένα παιδιά της ιστορίας". Η διαμόρφωση του νεοελληνικού κράτους, 18ος - 21ος αιώνας, Πόλις, Αθήνα 2013.
Χρήστος Χατζηιωσήφ (επιμ.), Ιστορία της Ελλάδας του 20ου αιώνα. 1900-1922. Οι απαρχές, τ. Α1-Α2, εκδ. Βιβλιόραμα, Αθήνα 2001-2002.
Χρήστος Χατζηιωσήφ (επιμ.), Ιστορία της Ελλάδας του 20ου αιώνα. 1922-1940. Ο Μεσοπόλεμος, τ. Β1-Β2, εκδ. Βιβλιόραμα, Αθήνα 2002-2003.
Χρήστος Χατζηιωσήφ (επιμ.), Ιστορία της Ελλάδας του 20ου αιώνα. 1922-1940. Β′ Παγκόσμιος Πόλεμος 1940-1945. Κατοχή Αντίσταση, τ. Γ1-Γ2, εκδ. Βιβλιόραμα, Αθήνα 2007.
Ιστορία του Ελληνικού Έθνους, τ. ΙΣΤ′, Εκδοτική Αθηνών, Αθήνα 2000.
Gunnar Hering, Τα πολιτικά κόμματα στην Ελλάδα 1821-1936, τ. Α-Β, εκδ. ΜΙΕΤ, Αθήνα 2006.
David Close, Ελλάδα 1945-2004, Πολιτική, Κοινωνία, Οικονομία, εκδ. Θύραθεν, Αθήνα 2006.
Νίκος Αλιβιζάτος, Οι πολιτικοί θεσμοί σε κρίση 1922-1974, εκδ. Θεμέλιο, Αθήνα 1983.
Ηλίας Νικολακόπουλος, Η καχεκτική δημοκρατία, εκδ. Πατάκη, Αθήνα 2001.