Modern Political Philosophy I
The course deals with the historical, social, economic and religious conditions and fundamentals of the modern political thought. Dwelling on the distinction between modern and premodern political thought, the course deals with the religious reformation, the new natural philosophy, and the decline of the traditional as prerequisites for the modern understanding of virtues. In the context of the opposition between community and society, the course deals with the modern conceptions of the state, the natural law, the private property, the state of nature and the social contract, as well as the question of social inequalities and the notion of general will.
After the courses, students will be in touch with the fundamental principles and theoretical approaches to the political philosophy of early modernity. They will be acquainted with the basic concepts of modern political philosophy, such as natural law, contract, rule of law, equality and freedom as Enlightenment values, state, and civil society. They will be able to recognize and study the great challenges of modern political thought and practice: the tensions between equality and freedom, freedom and coercion, individualism and sociability, universality and national particularity.
Course Bibliography (Eudoxus) Janet Coleman, Ιστορία της πολιτικής σκέψης. Από τον Μεσαίωνα μέχρι την Αναγέννηση, Κριτική, Αθήνα 2006. Quentin Skinner, Τα θεμέλια της νεότερης πολιτικής σκέψης, Αλεξάνδρεια, Αθήνα 2005. Μακιαβέλλι, Ο Ηγεμόνας.